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The noun

 
 
Words like the following are called nouns. They are written with a capital initial letter:

Mensch, Frau, Redner, Automobilistin; Katze, Säugetier, Vogel, Amöbe; Eiche, Baum, Tulpe, Blume; Hemd, Kleidungsstück, Straßenbahn, Felsbrocken; Luft, Mehl; Herde, Obst; Felix, Wien, Donau, Matterhorn; Erziehung, Liebe, Reinheit, Entfernung, Philosophie, Verstand

Nouns denote persons, animals, plants, things, materials, and abstract concepts like qualities, processes, actions, relations, etc.

A noun (alone or accompanied by other words) can be the subject, an object, an adverbial or an attribute of the sentence:

Subject Der Hund bellt.
Object Der Hund frisst einen Knochen
Adverbial  Sie schaute aus dem Fenster.
Attribute das Fell des Hundes

Nouns can be inflected. The inflected wordforms of a noun express the categories number (singular – plural) and case (nominative, accusative, etc.)

Number  Bild – Bilder
Case Bild – Bildes – Bild

Every noun has a gender. The gender is usually identified by the definite article der, die or das:

masculine  der Mann, der Stuhl, der Auftrag
feminine die Frau, die Lampe, die Treue
neuter das Kind, das Bett, das Leiden

Nouns are described under the following topics:

Form: Inflection How are the wordforms constructed?
Category:  Grammatical categories  What are gender, number and case? 
Meaning: Semantic classes What kind of meaning does a noun have?





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