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Primary sentence structures

The primary sentence structures are the sentence structures of the verb. They represent sentences with complements that are governed by the valency of the verb. In contrast, secondary sentence structures represent sentences containing complements that are governed by an adjective.

The sentence structures are presented by means of example sentences. The example sentences are always declarative sentences in which the subject comes first. Nevertheless, the sentence structures also cover other sentence types and different word orders, i.e. they also apply to sentences in which the same complements appear in different order. See

Sentence structure and word order 

All kinds of constituents can be complements. There are, however, some special cases causing difficulties when it comes to determining the complements in a sentence (e.g. the impersonal pronoun es, the reflexive pronouns). See List of complements and special cases.

Primary sentence structures:

Sentence structure Example verbs
Subject + Predicate verwelken
Subject + Predicate + Accusative object jemanden/etwas waschen
Subject + Predicate + Dative object jemandem widersprechen
Subject + Predicate + Genitive object jemandes /einer Sache gedenken
Subject + Predicate + Prepositional object auf jemanden/etwas warten
Subject + Predicate + Adverbial irgendwo wohnen
Subject + Predicate + Dative object + Accusative obj. jemandem etwas schenken
Subject + Predicate + Accusative obj. + Genitive object jemanden einer Sache verdächtigen
Subject + Predicate + Accusative obj. + Prepositional obj. jemanden an jemanden/etwas erinnern
Subject + Predicate + Accusative obj. + Accusative obj. jemanden etwas lehren
Subject + Predicate + Accusative obj. + Adverbial etwas irgendwohin hängen
Subject + Predicate + Dative object + Prepositional obj. jemandem zu etwas gratulieren
Subject + Predicate + Dative object + Adverbial jemandem irgendwie stehen
Subject + Predicate + Prepositional obj. + Prepositional obj.  mit jemandem um etwas streiten
Subject + Predicate + Adverbial +Prepositional obj. irgendwie mit jemandem umgehen
Subject + Predicate + Adverbial + Adverbial irgendwie irgendwo zugehen
Subject + Verb + Subject predicative jemand/etwas/irgendwie sein
Subject + Verb + Accusative obj. + Object predicative jemanden etwas nennen
Accusative/Dative object + Predicate (no subject) jemandem/jemanden schaudern
Accusative with infinitive jemanden etwas tun lassen

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