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Exceptions to the e-addition in the present singular

When the stem of the present tense ist umlauted or undergoes ablaut, there is no e-addition even if the stem ends in t or d:

Infinitive present
2nd pers. sing. pres.
3rd pers. sing. pres
2nd pers. plur. pres
braten brätst brät bratet
halten hältst hält haltet
laden lädst lädt ladet
raten rätst rät ratet
fechten fichtst ficht fechtet
flechten flichtst flicht flechtet
gelten giltst gilt geltet
treten trittst tritt tretet
The same behaviour is also displayed by all the verbs derived from these verbs.


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