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Spelling variants and spelling styles

 
 

Spelling variants

After the spelling reform, many words have more than one spelling. Some spelling variants are considered equally correct, others are labelled preferred and secondary variants.

Though the official spelling rules have abandoned the concept of preferred and secondary variants, we still use these labels as variant choice recommendations.

The following types of spelling variants can be distinguished:
  • New, equal after reform:
    The spelling is new, i.e. it has been introduced by the spelling reform, and there is a spelling variant - usually old - which is considered equally correct.

  • New, preferred after reform:
    The spelling is new and it is preferred to a correct but secondary spelling variant.

  • New, secondary after reform:
    The spelling is new but there is a spelling variant which is preferred.

  • New, sole remaining after reform:
    The spelling is new and it is the only correct spelling variant after the reform.

  • Old, equal after reform:
    The spelling is old, i.e. it existed before the reform, and there is a spelling variant - usually new - which is considered equally correct.

  • Old, preferred after reform:
    The spelling is old and it is preferred to a correct but secondary spelling variant.

  • Old, secondary after reform:
    The spelling is old and there is a spelling variant which is preferred.

  • Old, sole remaining after reform:
    The spelling is old and it is the only remaining correct spelling variant after the reform.

  • Old obsolete after reform:
    The spelling is old and obsolete, i.e. it is not correct to use it after the reform.

Spelling styles

The high number of spelling variants is a problem if consistent spelling is desired or needed. Therefore, different spelling styles can be chosen in the Canoo Rule Browser as well as in the Spelling Checker. The choice of a specific spelling style (available in German, only) can significantly reduce the number of spelling variants that are accepted in a text.
  • Alt
    The correct spelling before the spelling reform is accepted.

  • Neu ohne Variantenwahl
    All spelling variants that are correct after the reform are accepted.

  • Neu + Konservativ
    When both an old and a new spelling variant are correct after the reform, the old variant is accepted.

  • Neu + Gemäßigt konservativ
    When there are more than one correct spelling variants after the reform, the preferred variant is accepted. When the variants are equally correct, the old variant is accepted.

  • Neu + Gemäßigt progressiv
    When there are more than one correct spelling variants after the reform, the preferred variant is accepted. When the variants are equally correct, the new variant is accepted.

  • Neu + Progressiv
    When both an old and a new spelling variant are correct after the reform, the new variant is accepted.




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